Attributes Of The God (1)

W. Terry Varner
December 14, 2014

The God has attributes or characteristics that describes God. The attributes of God are those qualities inherent in His divine nature or essence. God does what He does because of who He is. These attributes are determined by His essence or nature. The attributes of God are absolute, unchanging, and possessed to the infinite degree consequently, the attributes maintain His eternality. The better man understands God the more reverent and obedient we will be. We will list a number of His many attributes with brief descriptions.

God is Spirit. The substance of God is different from man. He is Spirit; whereas, man is flesh, blood, and bones. “God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship Him in spirit and truth” (John 4:24).

God is Boundless. God is not like man who is bound by time, space, and matter; i.e. God is not limited in these areas. He has no limits. This is beyond our human comprehension as each of us are bound by time, space, and matter. “But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain You. How much less this temple which I have built” (1 Kings 8:27). God fills the universe and at the same time He transcends it. The Greek philosopher Empedocles described God in these terms: “God is a circle who center is everywhere, and his circumference nowhere.”

God is Eternal. When we speak of God being eternal we speak of God being without beginning or end. That is as good a definition of eternal that we can give. Man is not eternal and therefore we cannot describe man by the word eternal. All of us are born (beginning) and die (ending), but this is no so with God. Time is measurable, but eternity is not measurable. We can also state with certainty that eternity is not fully comprehended by man as we have nothing with which to compare it. We live by a clock; i.e. seconds, minutes, hours, weeks, days, months, years, et. al. “For I raise My hand to heaven, and say, ‘As I live forever’” (Deut. 32:40). “From everlasting to everlasting, You are God” (Ps. 90:2). “I am the First and I am the Last; besides Me there is no God” (Isa. 44:6). From creation to the end of all things, God sees the parenthesis of time. We are trapped in time. God is indeed eternal!

God is Self-Sufficient. Man is not self-sufficient. Man has needs. When we speak of God being self-sufficient we mean God has no needs beyond Himself. Everything is dependent on God who is self-sufficient. Over and over again the Psalms declare this (cf. Ps. 37:17; 41:12; 119:16).

God is Unchangeable. Unchangeable means that with God there is no increases or decrease. He does not fluctuate nor does He deteriorate. God, and God alone, is absolute unchangeable. “For I am the Lord, I do not change” (Malachi 3:6). “But You are the same, and Your years will have no end” (Ps. 102:27).

God is Omniscient. Omniscient means that God knows all things. “Great is our Lord, and mighty in power; His understanding is infinite” (Ps. 147:5). “For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has become His counselor?” (Rom. 11:34). Jesus is described as “He knew all men . . . For He knew what in man” (John 4:24). The wisdom of God is seen in His being addressed in prayer by thousands of His children and He is wise enough to be able to keep all prayers separate and answer according to each petitioner.

The Psalmist asks, “Who is like the Lord our God” (Ps. 113:5)? The answer: NO ONE!