The Messianic Age

W. Terry Varner
August 17, 2014

As the Jewish nation developed, God began through promise and prophecy to unfold in greater detail the Messianic Age, of which the promised “Messiah” was only a part. After the Messianic Age began (Acts 2), for Christians the emphasis the person of the Savior. The Messianic Age is expressed in at least three ways.

In the Messianic Age God Would Give New Covenant for All Humanity. God made a covenant with Israel at Mt. Sinai (Ex. 20:1ff; Deut 5:1ff). God said the Jews failed to keep His covenant. “The house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken My covenant which I made with their fathers” (Jer. 11:10; emp. added; cf. 22:9).

God promised to “establish an everlasting covenant with you” (Ezek. 16:60; cf. Jer. 32:40). This “everlasting covenant” spoke of “a leader and commander of the people” (Isa. 53:3-4; cf. Luke 4:18-19). Paul describes Jesus as “the captain of [our] salvation” (Heb. 2:10).

In promising a new covenant, God promised it would “not [be] according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt” (Jer. 31:32). God then describes His new covenant, as a spiritual covenant. “This is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days . . . I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people” (Jer. 31:33), which would be based on men knowing “the Lord, for they all shall know Me, from the least to the greatest of them . . . for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more” (Jer. 31:34; cf. John 6:45; Heb. 8:10-13).

In the Messianic Age, God Would Forgive Differently. “Their sin I will remember no more” (Jer. 31:34; Heb. 8:10-13). In the covenant God made with Israel at Sinai, He required animal sacrifices and especially once a year on the Day of Atonement. However, the High Priest could not sacrifice for the people until he first offered sacrifice for himself and his family (cf. Lev. 16:11-16). So each year, the High Priest would enter the Holy of Holies twice in one day, “to offer up sacrifice for his own sins. And then for the people’s” (Heb. 7:27). However, “in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year. For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could not take away sins” (Heb. 10:3-4). Christ is our High Priest “with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption” (Heb. 9:12).

In the Messianic Age, God Would Give the Holy Spirit to His People. “I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them” (Ezek. 36:26-27, emp. added). As God is holy (Lev. 11-44-45), He expects His children to be holy (1 Peter 1:16). God does not dwell where there is sin. The forgiveness of sins precedes the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. When the new covenant was established (Acts 2), Peter told the Jews to “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” (Acts 2:38). The Holy Spirit indwells and works in the Christian’s life only in conjunction with the word or the Bible.